Europe 2020 stems from the necessity of taking charge of the EU future, tackling its structural weaknesses and facing the new societal long-term challenges: globalisation, pressure on resources, ageing. The priorities of the Europe 2020 strategy mean to lead to a growth that is: smart, through more effective investments for developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation; sustainable, thanks to a decisive move towards a more resource efficient, greener and a more competitive economy; and inclusive, fostering job creation and poverty reduction.
Concretely, the Union has set five ambitious targets to be reached by 2020 within the framework set by its priorities on:
The multiannual financial framework translates the EU priorities into financial terms, laying down the maximum annual amounts that the EU may spend in different political fields over the next seven years.
Horizon 2020 is the European Program for research and innovation for the funding period 2014-2020.
It has a total budget of 80 billion of euros.
Horizon 2020 structure consists of three priorities or pillars, which are implemented through specific programmes and a dedicated financial contribution:
COSME is the new Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (COSME) and aims at supporting the competitiveness, growth and sustainability of EU’s enterprises, in particular SMEs, and promoting entrepreneurship
COSME aims at strengthening the competitiveness and sustainability of the EU’s enterprises, at encouraging an entrepreneurial culture and promoting the creation and growth of SMEs. These objectives will be met by improving:
Erasmus+ is the new programme proposed by the European Commission for education, training, youth and sport.
The Programme focuses on three types of key actions:
It particularly aims to contribute to reach the following Europe 2020 headline targets:
Galileo Aand EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) have an overall budget of 7.071 billion of euros.
The aim of the Galileo programme is to establish and operate the first global satellite navigation and positioning infrastructure specifically designed for civilian purposes;
The Pericles Programme funds exchanges, assistances and training for authorities, banks and others involved in combating euro-counterfeiting – both in the eurozone and in EU countries outside the eurozone.
The Hercule III programme is established to promote activities against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the Union.
The general objective of the programme shall be to strengthen the internal market through an efficient and effective customs union.
The Fiscalis 2020 Programme is created to fight against tax fraud and support revenue collection for the EU and Member States’ budgets. It is a key element in efforts to strengthen an EU Internal Market.
Connecting Europe Facility supports projects in the field of transport, energy and telecommunications infrastructure and enables the preparation and implementation of projects of common interest within the framework of the trans-European networks policy. In particular the Connecting Europe Facility supports the implementation of projects aiming at the development and construction of new or upgrading of existing infrastructure.
The Nuclear Safety Co-operation Instrument (NSCI) finances measures to support a higher level of nuclear safety, radiation protection and the application of efficient and effective safeguards of nuclear materials in third countries.
The ERDF aims to strengthen economic and social cohesion in the European Union by correcting imbalances between its regions.
The ERDF focuses its investments on several key priority areas. This is known as ‘thematic concentration’:
The ERDF resources allocated to these priorities will depend on the category of region.
Furthermore, some ERDF resources must be channelled specifically towards low-carbon economy projects:
The ESF is Europe’s main instrument for supporting jobs, helping people get better jobs and ensuring fairer job opportunities for all EU citizens. It works by investing in Europe’s human capital – its workers, its young people and all those seeking a job. ESF financing of EUR 10 billion a year is improving job prospects for millions of Europeans, in particular those who find it difficult to get work.
The Youth Employment Initiative aims to ensure that all young people aged 15-24 not in employment, education or training (so-called NEETs) receive a good-quality offer of employment, continued education, an apprenticeship or traineeship within a period of four months of becoming unemployed or leaving formal education.
The support provided by the European Social Fund for the implementation of the Youth Guarantee covers funding activities to directly help young such as job provision, traineeships and apprenticeships, business start-up support, etc.
The Cohesion Fund helps Member States who’s GNI per inhabitant is less than 90% of the EU27 average in making investments in TEN-T transport networks and the environment.
The European Union Programme on Employment and Social Innovation aims to increase coherence of EU action in the employment and social areas by bringing together and building on the implementation of the Progress Programme (Programme for Employment and Social Solidarity), EURES (European Employment Services) and the European Progress Microfinance facility.
Interreg Europe will contribute to a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in Europe by supporting and facilitating knowledge sharing and good practice transfer among actors of regional relevance to improve Regional/Cohesion policy.
The CAP aims at promoting smart, sustainable and inclusive growth for EU agriculture and rural areas in line with the Europe 2020 strategy.
The European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) contributes to the Europe 2020 Strategy by promoting sustainable rural development throughout the Union in a complementary manner to the other instruments of the common agricultural policy (CAP), to cohesion policy and to the common fisheries policy. It supports to a more territorially and environmentally balanced, climate-friendly and resilient, and innovative Union agricultural sector.
General objectives of the EAFRD:
The new Fund helps fishermen in the transition to sustainable fishing, supports coastal communities in diversifying their economies, finances projects that create new jobs and improve quality of life along European coasts, makes it easier to access financing.
The general objectives of the programme are:
The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF) was established to provide the Union with an instrument to demonstrate solidarity with, and give support to, workers made redundant as a result of major structural changes in world trade patterns caused by globalisation where these redundancies have a significant adverse impact on the regional or local economy.
IPA aims to support candidate countries and potential candidates in implementing the political, institutional, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms required to bring the countries closer to Union values and to progressively align to Union rules, standards, policies and practices with a view to Union membership.
European Neighbourhood Instrument replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) as part of EU’s proposed Multiannual Financial Framework for the period 2014-2020. The new instrument aims to provide support to 16 partner countries to the east and south of the EU’s borders, by an increasingly policy-driven approach providing for greater differentiation, more flexibility, stricter conditionality and incentives for best performers, reflecting the ambition of each partnership.
The aim for the Partnership Instrument is to externally project the EU’s internal policies and to seek complementarities with EU programmes, such as Horizon 2020 and Erasmus+.
The primary objective of cooperation under this Instrument is the reduction and, in the long term, the eradication of poverty.
Specific objectives of the Programme are:
General objectives of this Programme are:
The general objective is to contribute to the development and consolidation of human rights and fundamental freedoms, democracy and the rule of low worldwide.
The Union Civil Protection Mechanism aims to support, coordinate and supplement the actions of the Member States in the field of civil protection in improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.
The multiannual financial framework allocates about the 6% of its resources to administration and balance sector.
The Asylum and Migration Fund draws on the capacity building process developed with the assistance of the European Refugee Fund, the European Fund for the Integration of third-country nationals and the European Return Fund and extends it to cover more comprehensively different aspects of the common Union asylum and immigration policy.
The Internal Security Fund will support the implementation of the Internal Security Strategy and the EU approach to law enforcement cooperation, including the management of the union’s external borders. It will also cover the development of new IT systems, such as the future entry/exit system and the Registered Traveller Programme.
The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the creation of a European area of justice by promoting judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters.
To achieve the general objective the Programme has the following specific objectives:
The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the further development of an area, where equality and the rights of persons, as enshrined in the TEU, in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, in the Charter and in the international human rights conventions to which the Union has acceded, are promoted, protected and effectively implemented.
Under the global aim of contributing to the understanding about the European Union and of promoting civic participation, the programme contributes to strengthen remembrance and enhances capacity for civic participation at the Union level.
Specific objectives of the programme are:
Main Objectives of the Programme are:
Specific objective of this Programme are:
“Creative Europe” framework programme brings together the 2007-2013 Culture, MEDIA and MEDIA Mundus programmes, and includes a new financial facility to improve access to finance for small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and organisations in the cultural and creative sectors.
General objectives of the Programme are:
Its specific objectives are: